The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Toyota Motor Corporation (Toyota) have announced their agreement to consider the possibility of collaborating on international space exploration. JAXA and Toyota have reached an agreement to further cooperate on and accelerate their ongoing joint study of a manned, pressurized rover that employs fuel cell electric vehicle technologies, as a first step. Even with the limited amount of energy that can be transported to the moon, the pressurized rover would have a total lunar-surface cruising range of more than 10,000 km.The concept proposal for the pressurized rover being studied by JAXA and Toyota is the size of two microbuses. It is 6 metres long, 5.2 metres wide and 3.8 metres in height. It will be capable of accommodating two people and even four people in case of an emergency.Manned rovers with pressurized cabins are an element that will play an important role in full-fledged exploration and use of the lunar surface. They would like to put to use Toyota's excellent technological abilities related to mobility, and look forward to the acceleration of our technological studies for the realization of a manned, pressurized rover."This lunar rover from Toyota will likely be ready by 2029. Lunar gravity is one-sixth of that on Earth, while the moon has a complex terrain with craters, cliffs, and hills. Moreover, it is exposed to radiation and temperature conditions that are much harsher than those on Earth, as well as an ultra-high vacuum environment. Toyota's 'space mobility' concept will address all these concerns.