In a cave in the Philippines,a new species of ancient human has been discovered excavated in Callao Cave in Luzon Island, the specimen is named Homo luzonensis and is dated to 67,000 years ago. The report of the discovery was published in the journal Nature titled ‘A new species of Homo from the Late Pleistocene of the Philippines’. These findings are the ‘earliest direct evidence of a human presence in the Philippines’.The traditional narrative suggests that Homo sapiens evolved from the ancient species of Homo erectus in Africa and dispersed from there around 50,000 years ago. It becomes clear that the Homo sapiens were definitely coexisting with other human species in other parts of the globe,with this new finding. The excavation yielded seven teeth, two hand bones, three foot bones and one thigh bone indicating the presence of two adults and one child. From the fossil they discovered that the species was less than 4 ft tall and possibly even shorter than yet another ancient species called Homo floresiensis, sometimes called the “hobbit”.The excavation consists of a curved toe bone closely resembling the anatomy of the Australopithecus, which is known to have been existing in Africa about 2-3 million years ago. It is a combination of primitive and derived morphological features that is different from the combination of features found in other species in the genus Homo and warrants.For the researchers it was also a mystery as how the species reached Luzon Island since it has never been connected to the mainland with a land bridge.