Researchers with the University of East Anglia discovered bacteria that eat oil in one of the most mysterious parts of planet. In the Mariana Trench the microscopic critters were discovered, the deepest ocean trench in the world. The Mariana Trench has the highest proportion of oil-eating bacteria on Earth and it is located in the Western Pacific Ocean. It is deeper than Mount Everest is tall and remains one of the biggest mysteries on Earth. Samples collected from the deepest part of the Mariana Trench (about 36,000 ft down) has been studied by a team of scientists and discovered a new group of bacteria that degrades hydrocarbons, which are the primary components in substances like natural gas and petroleum. This category of bacteria isn’t new; these microorganisms are found in many places and contribute to the degradation of oil that result from things like oil spills. However, on Earth the Mariana Trench is home to the highest proportion of these microorganisms. The researchers found biologically-produced hydrocarbons in ocean sediment from the trench’s bottom, as well as in the sea water around 19,600ft below the surface. The scientists also found that the hydrocarbons can be found in water at lower depths, as well. At that depth this is the first time these hydrocarbons have been found in microbes.